Saturday, 22 July 2017

Lee Hsien Loong’s values: casinos, EP ‘wayang’, dishonorable son.


In the past months, Lee Kuan Yew’s values were hot topics. Besides inherited some of the bad habits of Lee Kuan Yew”s values, what are Lee Hsien Loong’s values?

[The value of quick money]

The very first thing when he became prime minister, PM Lee introduced integrated resorts - casinos. In his earlier days of prime ministership, he already thought of a ‘get rich quick’ economic policy for Singapore. This is why he promoted casinos in Singapore. Not only in gaming industry, in housing industry we also see high price of Housing and Development Board flats. It is easy for government to make quick money in casinos, in housing, in banking, in telecoms, in road pricing … as far as you are the licensing authority.

Recently, the government finds some innovative clubs also engaging in ‘get rich quick’ schemes by operating jackpot machines.  However, clubs are losers as they don’t have the right to print the operating licences and clubs are subject to rules and regulations under the government.  

When we encourage Singaporeans to try their luck by paying $100 to get a licence to pay at casino, we are telling people there is a way to make quick money even the chance is slim. However, some people do try and as a result, we see the increasing numbers of pawn shops.

Lee Kuan Yew was against gambling. However, he eventually changed his mind because he saw the benefits that it could bring to the country. Perhaps, in this belief, Lee Hsien Loong also thinks 38 Oxley Road can be preserved. But as seen in gaming in casinos, the outcome is not always positive, sometimes, it depends on your luck.

[The value of anti-meritocratic and racial divide]

The Elected President wayang is a continued play of licensing. The People’s Action Party has the licence to direct the wayang.

The elected presidency was Lee Kuan Yew’s initiative. Then, Lee Kuan Yew was worried about the growing support for opposition parties among Singapore’s voters, however, he thought the office of the elected presidency could prevent a profligate opposition government from touching the island’s vast monetary reserves. In LKY’s famous quote: ‘Without the elected president and if there is a (general election) freak result, within two or three years, the army would have to come in and stop it.

In LKY’s evaluation, EP must be a person who can safeguard the reserve and understand and know how to read financial reports. However with a reserved EP, we are not getting the best and capable person to serve. It is even working in concert with the government.   

Is this the same EP value that LKY trying to promote?

By denying the EP value of LKY, Lee Hsien Loong has to acknowledge the EP is a policy mistake.  He is introducing the wayang EP to correct LKY’s mistake, just like the Ministerial Committee on 38 Oxley Road.  Not to forget PM Lee has the licence to do so as he is the head of the government.  

[The value of dishonorable behaviors]

Untitled drawing.jpg


Under the licence of ‘ownself defend ownself’, the parliament clears PM Lee’s abuse of power allegation.  However, the title of dishonorable son remains. For traditional Confucian values, dishonesty is even worst than power abuse. A dishonest person can do all bad things, including disloyalty, abuse of power, corruptions, etc.  

Since Han dynasty, ‘governed by filial piety’(以孝治国) had been a key principal value even though not all emperors were dutiful sons.


[The rule of virtue, which is the characteristic of the ancient Chinese society, "to rule the world with filial piety" is the concrete embodiment of governing the country by morality. The so-called "rule the world with filial piety" is to regard filial piety as the policy and principle of governing the country, and integrate the filial piety into the practice of governing the country.
http://www.bestchinanews.com/History/10316.html]

In ‘Lee Kwan (Kuan) Yew, Singapore and the Power of Filial Piety’

(http://www.huffingtonpost.com/tom-doctoroff/lee-kwan-yew-singapore-an_b_6952284.html), the writer has credited filial piety as a success factor for Singapore:

{Despite prominent Indian and Malay minorities, Singapore is predominantly Chinese. It is a profoundly Confucian society. The individual does not exist independent of his responsibilities to other elements of society. Even in 2015, the elemental productive unit of society remains the clan. Relationships are organized according to the wu lun (五伦)— five fundamental relationships that constitute a naturally ordered society: between father and son, husband and wife, older brother and younger brother, friend and friend, and ruler and ruled.}

PM Lee, as criticized by his siblings as dishonorable son, has a long way to clear his name and the licence to rule.

It is very unusual for an eldest on not being the executor and trustee of her father’s estate in Chinese tradition. In dynasty history, it means the successor has lost the authority to rule. In the eyes of Lee Kuan Yew, his  final decision and clear message to Singaporeans are Lee Hsien Loong is not the successor of Lee family.

Friday, 14 July 2017

总理在位13载,亢龙有悔。故居遗愿互斗,龙战于野。【横幅:物极必反】

Untitled drawing(1).jpg

李显龙走到今天,可以用《易经》的乾卦上九和坤卦上六来形容。上九和上六都是卦辞的最后一个爻。这是一个卦的顶点,再走下去,就要变成另一个卦,或者就是一个政治终结。

百度百科的简单解释:

(乾卦上九为)亢龙有悔(kàng lóng yǒu huǐ),成语。 亢:至高的;悔:灾祸。 意为居高位的人要戒骄,否则会失败而后悔。 后也形容倨傲者不免招祸

龙战于野为坤卦第六爻(上六)。龙为阳,此爻为阴,故龙战指阴阳交战。城外为郊,郊之外为野。玄黄,分别指天、地之色。天地为最大的阴阳,其血玄黄,是指阴阳交战流出了血,说明此爻是凶爻。喻人事,则为上下交战,至于死伤流血的情形。

亢龙有悔和龙战于野,怎么会和李显龙产生关系呢?

【亢龙有悔】
李显龙为何为了家事需要向国人道歉?李显龙对中国的南海和一带一路立场,是否有所改变?李显龙对TPP的坚持,对于国内的压制,对于淡马锡和外汇储备管理的解释,能够让人信服吗?

【龙战于野】
处于乾(阳)位的李显龙,和政治上不在位(坤/阴)的弟妹互相争斗,用龙战于野来形容是非常的适当。这个结果就是新加坡的国际地位受到影响,国人对政府的信心下降。

不论是龙战于野,还是亢龙有悔,这都显示出李显龙已经不适合担任新加坡总理。前总统候选人陈如斯发表公开信说,为国家,为家庭,为同事李显龙必须辞掉总理一职。陈如斯说,李显龙已经是国家的负资产,没有把事情的先后次序搞清楚(为总统选举瞎忙)。家庭方面,李显龙健康不佳,辞职对于孩子有利。最后,辞职后当然也不用部长们再为他背书。
(https://www.facebook.com/TanJeeSay/posts/1420493988029872)

【立法、司法上的亢龙有悔和龙战于野】

在立法上,李显龙只能依靠国会来护驾,为自己的廉洁辩护。他说弟妹们的指责没有事实证明,因此,他是清白的。国会也就无形中成了李显龙的上六和上九。这是他的最后一道防线, 最强的挡箭牌。

李显扬和李玮玲其实有提出证据。他们说何晶拿来李光耀的遗物,这点李显龙没有否认。他们说,故居委员会的设立和总检察长和其副手的任命,也都是事实。李显龙只能提出他本身上九和上六的解释。因此,在国会自辩,不等于没有事实证明。只能说,这是单方面的说法和诠释。

在司法上,李显龙也已经走到尽头了。首先,超龄的总检察长和前行动党背景的副手,已经让李显龙控制检察权。令人遗憾,新加坡法庭被人冠以“袋鼠法庭”的外号,这当然没有事实根据,没有人能够证明。但是,我们想一想,为何在国际上,新加坡法庭会有这个雅号呢?是不是旁观者清?我们被蒙蔽了?

我们从陈清木对总统选举中,要求法庭为第一任民选总统的定义做出决定可以看出,李显龙已经出尽法宝,把自己推向上九上六的位子。这个位子和时间,不正也不中。虽然,可以一时的把反对势力打倒,压制下来。但是,这只是缓冲之举。更加可怕的是,副总检察长在法庭上对陈清木的种族主义的偏见,竟然可以进入司法程序,成为证据。这似乎是一种江郎才尽。不过,只要达到目的,李显龙还是会满意的。

【易经是哲学,不是算命的八卦】

我们讲到上九上六,看起来似乎说李显龙的八卦和替李显龙算命。事实上,并非如此。易经基本上是中国第一部哲学书。当然,你也可以和李显龙的高度一样, 把它当成占卜的书。根据外媒报道,李光耀故居有两个骨灰瓮。因此,可以合理把它转化成万人参拜的宗庙。这样就接近李显扬李玮玲对哥哥的指责了。

李显龙曾经说,高处不胜寒。事实上,他在好多年前已经知道自己已经是处于上九上六的位置。或许,身不由己,即使他愿意下来,旁边的人未必同意他这么做。这点,我们从第四代接班人和淡马锡接班人都很难顺利产生看出来。古代有帝王的国家,即使做皇帝愿意退位,但是,既得利益者很多,未必同意皇帝的意见,而要求皇帝继续硬硬撑下去。这或许是李显龙的悲哀!他无法控制自己的命、位、时。

李显龙甚至无法维护李光耀的价值。最近的讲华语运动的渎风波,南洋理大的禁风波,说明李显龙的文化程度已经上到上九上六。李光耀不论基于什么原因推广华语,但是,到了李显龙身上,就是不成气候。一个可笑的事实,新加坡有多少人了解一带一路?而一带一路的很多研究资料,历史文献,以中文为主。新加坡人连基本汉字都无法辨认,如何看懂这些资料?连基本的讲华语运动都无法维护,李光耀的其他价值(单打独斗,不需要其他部长背书;灵活外交而非独立外交),李显龙又如何坚持持续下去?

李显龙的小国独立外交论,也显示另类“高处不胜寒”。独立外交,似乎把新加坡带向死胡同。独立外交变成对立外交。难怪,美国人会误把李显龙当成印度尼西亚总统!

【物极必反】

李显龙现在面对的是物极必反的局面。走完了上九上六,就是另一个开始,也即是现在政治生命的结束。他希望保留故居来延续目前的局面,通过立法国会,司法法庭来持续他的政治生命。而他的豪赌,却很不幸的一定跟新加坡的国运有关。

从李光耀,吴作栋,到李显龙。要求李显龙下台的呼声最多。我们似乎没有听到有人要求李光耀下台,只有听到他独裁。我们也没有听到要求吴作栋下台的呼声,只是觉得他很木讷,呆呆的。但是,要求李显龙下台的人,就不少,对李显龙不满的人,更加多。除了陈如斯,还有另外一位前总统候选人陈欣亮在2014年也曾经要求总理下台, 当然还有7月15日的抗议大会。


不满李显龙已经成了全国运动。为了国家,为了人民,为了将来,大家为小红点加油!反对李显龙滥权渎职,尽快放弃这个负资产。

Saturday, 8 July 2017

The Relevancy of Lee Kuan Yew’s values to Singapore after the Oxley drama in Parliament.



Untitled drawing.png

    PM Lee Hsien Loong has declared success of clearing all doubts about Oxley drama related allegations. His explanations in parliament suggest his version of Lee Kuan Yew’ values and its relevancy to Singapore and future Singapore, including the privilege of kinship.

    What are Lee Kuan Yew’s values? According to PM Lee, there are no abuse of power, corruptions, favor of appointments etc. as alleged by his siblings. (What has happened to Lee Kuan Yew’s values? As well as the summary evidence https://drive.google.com/file/d/0ByodqaSLlpPIV0QtSmt4SlhhaEk/view)

    Parliament may give the benefit of doubt to PM Lee, but have we had a clearer picture of Lee Kuan Yew’s values now? Or, are we confused? Are we confidence or the public have confidence that we can uphold these values? This is a question remain to be seen, especially among intellectuals and elites in Singapore. Will they, like the Parliament, also give the benefit of doubt to PM Lee or think otherwise?

This is a serious question.  The People’s Action Party needs to attract the best in society to be their election candidates. Over the years, we have seen their quality declining even the PAP claims their candidates are the best in Singapore. Of course, they always stress that there is no alternative team. Or Singapore can’t afford to split their best team into two.

Checks and balances are important under the Lee Kuan Yew’s values.  However, the Oxley drama in parliament clearly shows a “ownself defend ownself” government.  Do we deserve to have a PAP “ownself check ownself” government?

The Oxley drama as shown in parliament highlights an intellectual questions. How potential candidates think and evaluate the parliament debates and the unexplained doubts. Do they believe Lee Kuan Yew’s values are still in the safe hands of the current PAP leaders? Do they believe the allegations are ‘mostly inaccurate’ as claimed by PM Lee? Do they feel comfortable under the double-standard kinship working conditions where there is a big difference between brother or not brother?

Many Singaporeans may not be able to fairly judge the Oxley drama, especially, if they only read and listen to the mainstream media. But those who want to stand as PAP candidates will have to think twice.  From their hearts, do they really agree with Lee Hsien Loong’s version of Lee Kuan Yew’s values and the way he tries to safeguard these values?   

Perhaps, the only return that Singapore gains from the Oxley drama is the enlightenment of intellectuals and elites. These people who can make changes and lead Singapore must evaluate Lee Hsien Loong’s point of arguments. Some may choose to leave Singapore, like Lee Hsien Yang. Some will go into deep thinking when the PAP approaches them as candidates. Hopefully, some will join the oppositions to strengthen the checks and balances in parliament.

Lee Kuan Yew’s values need urgent review and reform too. But PM Lee and his siblings may not agree to this, even though they disagree with each others.

morning.jpg
A reflection? Think again. (photo taken on 3 July morning)

    And perhaps, Kenneth is right.

Kenneth Jeyeratnam: Singaporeans get the government they deserve, I don't want to ...

Saturday, 1 July 2017

死守死板死教条死典范,错失改革良机: 李显龙造不出时势,更造不出英雄。


一个可悲的现实是,1965年李光耀为担忧新加坡前途而失声痛哭。而2017年,讽刺的是,他的儿子李显龙,却必须躲在国会里为自己的政治前途,而不是新加坡的前途而痛哭。

李光耀当年想到的是新加坡何去何从,退出马来西亚,我们的前途在哪里?尽管有人说,那可能是鳄鱼泪,无论如何,当时的新加坡人,的确是为前途而茫然,没有方向感。

2017年的新加坡,在经济,公共行政,社会发展上,当然不可和1965年相比。没有强大的反对党,人民行动党一党独大,在国会拥有绝对的多数。因此,李显龙选择在这个安全的地方,为自己的廉洁辩护,为自己的政治前途辩护,当然,就可以自导自演,反驳“大多数错误”(mostly inaccurate)的指责,轻描淡写的把少数正确的指责轻轻的带过。

李显龙现在的自导自演和国会辩护,完全是从个人的立场出发,考虑的是个人的政治前途,而李光耀当年,虽然也顾及个人的政治前途,同志的期待,但是,国家的前途,却是重中之重。把新加坡搞好搞活,考虑国人的利益就是行动党第一代领导人的责任。反观七月三日的李显龙,他却要为个人的政治前途辩护,他的举动对于新加坡来说是一种减分,由此可见,李显龙的境界有多高!

1965年的李光耀,如果无法领导新加坡,在同辈中,的确有可以取代李光耀领导新加坡的领袖。看看今天的新加坡,似乎没有可以取代李显龙,或者,不愿“冒险”担当这个任务的人。 正如,李玮玲李显扬指出的,李显龙何晶有意培养自己的接班人。从这一点观察,新加坡目前的处境比1965年来得更加糟,因为,我们没有愿意献身的国家领袖。部长和行动党领袖,考虑的是个人的利益,而不是像1965年那样,为国家的前途而奋斗。因此,李玮玲李显扬才说,国会无法说出事实的真相。

    李显龙对于李光耀故居的诠释,就充分的表现出他死守死板死教条死典范的行为。他认为李光耀的教条,不可变更,旧的成功典范,必须永久保留下来。因此,把故居保留下来,就是一项必须工作。如果,没有了故居,那么,李显龙做任何事情,都变得‘名不正言不顺’了。为此,他害怕失去故居,害怕失去这个神主牌。

【时、位错乱】

    李显龙错误的判断,或者说没有看清楚1965和2017的不同。时代已经改变了,连过世的李光耀都看出来,故居的神主牌不可再用。2015年大选的成绩,似乎坚定李显龙保留故居的决心。但是,这同时也是一种误判时间的考量。行动党当年取得政权,不是靠什么神主牌,而是有一群志同道合的同志,大家一起奋斗,间中也用了一些不光明的手段。

    李显龙似乎忘了他的总理位子是怎么来的?他没有看清楚自己的位置,这点他就不如蒋经国。蒋经国看到自己的位子,就开放台湾,甚至,如果蒋经国晚几年过世,台海两岸就不是现在这个样子。或许,这就是李显龙的高度,他坐上总理的位子,想到的是个人的问题,而不是国家的前途。故居问题不是今天才发生,最少两年前,甚至2011年就出现了。但是,他考虑的是死守死板死教条死典范,认为这才是他个人的出路。难怪,李玮玲说当遗属宣布时,李显龙生气得要把故居遗迹化。

    几年前就出现问题,李显龙没有及时处理家里的纠纷,现在却要国人了解。这是时间上的错误。还有,他不是遗属执行人,这就变得位也错了。他应该想一想,李光耀的遗属几年前立下的时候,就注定不让李显龙在“时”和“位”上取得优势。而李显龙根本没有觉察出来,及时的给予纠正。或许,他认为只要神主牌在,任何事情都可以解决。而他的跟班,他也会跟上。就像两个星期来,我们陆陆续续看到这些根本陆续上场。可想而知,在国会,同班人马,甚至更多跟班就会为出现。

    因此,李显龙目前的处境是时、位错乱。他把新加坡带上一条政治不稳定的道路。虽然暂时新加坡没有出现不稳定状况,但是,他个人的错位错时,国家社会分裂(尤其是精英们)将会进一步加深,而接班人,如果有的话,也会出现预想不到的问题。

    李显龙被认为理科顶呱呱,他应该想到量子物理中的迷惑和不稳定性。他死守着死板的死教条和死典范,就像他不惜一切保留李光耀故居一样,其实,在外人看来是非理性的,非科学性的。一个理科顶呱呱的人,在错位错时的背景下,变成采取了非理性,非建设性的决定。

【天不时、地不利、人不和】

    我们回顾李显龙政府过去几年的表现,就会发现,不论外交还是内政,都出现天不时、地不利、人不和的局面。从和中国的外交关系,美国的TPP误判和坚持,海外投资失利,到地铁问题,告人诽谤,媒体言论控制,NTU中文风波,都可以看到李显龙的天不时、地不利。http://pijitailai.blogspot.sg/2017/05/blog-post_27.html
    人不和更是厉害,从家事变成国事。再接再厉变成国际笑话。

【错位错时总理,新加坡何去何从】

    2017和1965当然不同。新加坡在国内外的“位”和“时”都改变了。但是,李显龙还停留在,或者说,死守着死板的死教条和死典范。他以为李光耀留下的旧教条和旧典范,可以依样画葫芦,一切照旧。

    新加坡的困境是,遇到一位错位错时总理,不愿改变、改革,依然活在垄断国会的治国方式。当李光耀在1965年,为新加坡痛哭时,他想到的是新加坡的前途,而如今,李显龙在一党独大的国会,只是为自己的前途而痛苦。他没有勇气公开的面对新加坡的未来,只在国会为自己辩护,呜呼哀哉!